What is in drones is a question that has many answers. There are many different types of drones that are used for many different purposes.
Within these different drones are many different components, and materials used to construct them.
I will describe to you what drones are, and what drones are made of. I will also tell you the various features, and uses that drones currently have.
The growth and popularity of drones over the last decade has been phenomenal, and this growth and popularity does not appear to be slowing down at all.
What are Drones?
Drones originated from the military, and the term drone refers to any unmanned aerial vehicle with a flight path that is pre programmed, and not controlled by a human, meaning not controlled by a human in the vehicle. The word Drone means: to make a continuous low humming sound.
Drones are also known as UAS’s or unmanned aerial systems, or UAV’s or unmanned aerial vehicle. Drones may also be known as quadrocopters or quadcopters if has 4 rotors or propellers, and an octocopter if has 8 rotors or propellers.
Drones are also known as RPAS or remote piloted aerial systems, as well as ‘Flying Robots’. Drones are preprogrammed or remote controlled aerial objects or devices that have many applications, and uses. Drones are used commercially, recreationally, and militarily.
Drones use rotors or upward facing propellers to generate lift, direction, and speed. Recreational or hobbyist drones normally use 4 rotors. Commercial, and military drones utilize between 4 and 8 rotors per drone.
There are camera drones, video drones, live view drones, mini drones, and large drones.
What is in Drones?
If you have ever wondered as I have, what is in drones? What are drones made of? The commercial drones components are made of carbon fiber, which is highly durable, stiff, and strong.
An added benefit of using carbon fiber for drones is that it is also light, which in aviation is a vital consideration. Carbon fiber is used to make the legs, and the top and bottom frames. The drones body is protected by a thick, molded plastic cover.
Commercial drones tend to be more flexible than recreational or hobbyist drones, so that they can adapt to a wide variety of uses.
Much of a typical commercial drone’s interior components consist of computer printer generated layered plastic.
These components are:
Arm receptacles, and arms, one per rotor, so if the drone has 4 rotors it will also have 4 arm receptacles, and 4 arms
An electronic speed controller, one for each rotor, so if the drone has 8 rotors, it also has 8 electronic speed controllers
An autopilot which is the online computer that runs the drone
A power harness that connects the different speed controllers
The payload mount that supports and controls the camera position, and the hard drive
A servo motor which controls the payload mount, the camera, and the hard drive
Rotors or Propellers provide lift, direction, and speed of the drone
Recreational or hobbyist drones utilize less expensive, and less durable materials and components than commercial drones, as a general rule. The price point for recreational drones is usually less also.
For instance, instead of carbon fiber, the hobbyist drones will normally feature more plastic within the body, and components. These drones tend to be the smallest drones of the three main types of drones. Smaller than commercial drones, and much smaller than military drones.
The quadcopter drones are most frequently used as a recreational drone.
Military drones have been in existence for many years, and are the original inventors and designers of drones. Military drones are made of the finest sturdy, and expensive materials. These drones also feature the most advanced, state of the art components, and technology.
Military drones are made of lightweight, composite materials for optimum maneuverability, strength, durability, and speed.
What are Drones used for?
As mentioned previously drones have many uses from fun recreational or hobbyist applications, to the productive, helpful commercial drones, to the serious, vital military drone applications.
Recreational or hobbyist drone uses: Like other remote control aircraft, these drones are a very popular hobby or pass time that is practiced for personal interest, and the simple enjoyment that it brings. The recreational hobby drones have even spawned racing leagues, from amateur to professional.
Taking photos and videos for personal use is also a common hobbyist drone practice. Hunters may utilize drones to locate prey, although some may consider this to be an unfair advantage.
Commercial drone uses: The advent of drones has created many extremely productive, and beneficial commercial use applications.
For instance, these commercial drones are used by real estate agents and brokers to take photos and videos of their properties from vantage points that simply were not possible or feasible before.
Farmers use commercial drones in order to inspect the condition of their crops without having to drive long distances and physically look over their product, and fields by using the aerial photography, video, and live video features that these drones offer. This saves them time, work, and money.
Cartographers or professional map makers, and others that need to create maps often utilize drones to help them accomplish this end.
These drones are also helpful to those in marine related industries in order to access sea, wind, and temperature conditions that could affect their safety, and ability to do their job in an effective, acceptable manner. It is also possible to locate and track the movement of marine life.
Along this same line, drones are used by game wardens, park rangers, and wildlife managers to monitor the condition, numbers, and movement of wildlife.
Commercial drones also provide important, potentially life saving information in search and rescue operations, for police for accident conditions, to help search for fugitives, and to access a potentially dangerous criminal situation. Can be used to determine the severity, and movement of wild fires helping to save lives, and minimize damage.
Other commercial drone applications include wedding photography and videos, advertising and promotional videos, topographical video for road building, and for determining feasibility for anthropoligical sites.
They are also useful for inspecting large aircraft, and ships which is safer, faster, more thorough, and less expensive than conventional means. There are many other uses for drones from a commercial perspective.
Military drone uses:
Surveillance. Knowing the position, whereabouts, types of armament, and movement of the enemy is of utmost importance in a military/combat situation.
Military drones can also provide valuable intel for potential bombing missions such as locations and activity of bridges, factories, military installations, roads, etc.
In addition, military drones can be equipped with bombs, machine guns, missiles, and other weapons that be used to attack certain targets.
These unmanned drones, of course also provide safety, which may be their strongest attribute. Also, compared to other military aircraft, drones are quite economical.
One of the most promising areas of advancement in modern military aviation, is the military drone.
Join the Drone Revolution
Drones are unmanned aerial vehicles that are controlled either by a program, or by remote control. Drones are also known as UAS’s Unmanned Aerial System, UAV Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, Flying Robots, quadcopters, and octocopters.
Drones are used for many different purposes, and are made from and with different materials and components. There is a wide selection of drones available to the public, and a wide range of prices. The three types of drones are recreational, commercial, and military.
Recreational or hobbyist drones are the least expensive of the three drone types, and are used for personal interest and enjoyment.
Commercial drones are more expensive than recreational drones, use more expensive and durable materials and components, and are used for many commercial purposes due to their ability to take aerial photographs, videos, and live video, such as in real estate.
Military drones are the most expensive of the three drones, and use lightweight, and extremely durable materials and components in their construction. These drones are used for surveillance, and for combat operations.
Before you buy a drone, make sure you know what the aviation laws that affect drones are in your country. You also need to know what the regulations are to become a drone operator, if any.
There are some steep fines, and penalties involved for those who attempt to circumvent drone laws and regulations.
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