What is in Diamonds

What is in diamonds
What is in diamonds can determine the quality and value.

What is in diamonds is a question everyone should ask before they buy any loose diamonds or diamond jewelry, whether it be a ring, a pendant, a watch, a necklace, with gold jewelry,  or any of a dozen other types.

What is in diamonds and what isn’t in diamonds are important factors in determining a diamond’s value. Knowing how this value is determined is the most important information you can arm yourself with before hitting the diamond buying trail.

I will explain how diamonds are formed, what they are made of, and how they are found. I will let you know about the 4 C’s, what they are, and what they mean to you as a diamond buyer.  I will also explain the difference between laboratory grown diamonds and real diamonds.

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How Diamonds are Formed

Diamonds are formed deep within the earth, more than 100 miles deep in the mantle of the earth from highly pressurized and very high temperature carbon deposits.

They are then brought to the earth’s surface from deep source volcanic eruptions. Kimberlite, and Lamproite is produced from these eruptions, which is what the diamond companies are after.

Diamonds are made from a single element, carbon. Diamonds are considered the hardest rock on earth. Only another diamond can scratch a diamond.

The word ‘diamond’ is defined as unbreakable or invincible.  These natural, transparent stones or diamonds are very rare, and combined with their brilliant, sparkling appearance, can be very valuable.

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How are Diamonds Found

What is in diamonds
Diamonds are found and mined from volcanic Kimberlite deposits.

Diamonds are found and mined from the remnants of volcanic eruptions from Kimberlite or Kimberlite pipes. Kimberlite pipes are the opening that is formed from a volcanic eruption that contains this Kimberlite. Within the Kimberlite is where the diamonds are found.

Much of this Kimberlite is not on the surface of the earth, but just below it. Mining is done to recover the Kimberlite ore, break up the rock, and sift out the diamonds. Large scale mining operations are undertaken to mine and process this ore material that contains the diamonds.

Experts say that 250 tons of ore is mined for each diamond that is recovered.

The 4 C’s of Diamond Quality and Valuation

The accepted method of diamond valuation is called the 4 C’s. The Gemological Institute of America, also known as the GIA developed the 4 C’s in order to create a universal language to understand the challenging task of determining a diamond’s quality.  These 4 C’s are the four attributes that all diamonds share. They are: Color, Clarity, Cut, and Carat.

Color  When grading diamonds, the less color, the higher the grade.  The GIA color scale categorizes diamonds on an alphabetical scale starting with D colorless down to the letter Z for brown or light yellow.  A master set of diamonds that represent each grade is used to compare other diamonds to determine their appropriate grade.

Clarity Eleven clarity grades are utilized on the GIA scale starting with Flawless as the most desireable at the top of the scale, regressing all the way to I 3.

Flawless means that there are no inclusions, flaws, or blemishes visible to the naked eye or with a microscope at 10 times magnification.

What is in diamonds
The 4 C’s are Color, Clarity, Cut, and Carat.

A microscope, and a 10 times magnification loop are utilized to identify, and plot the inclusions. Diamonds are also carefully checked to be sure that no treatment was used to artificially improve the clarity. No two diamonds are exactly the same, so a unique plot is used to grade a particular one.

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Cut  Brilliant round diamonds are used for the GIA cut scale.  Five different grades are used on this scale starting at the top with an Excellent Grade, then to Very Good, Good, Fair, and down to Poor at the bottom of the scale.

The shape of the diamond is only one aspect of determining a cut grade. The amount of brilliance and sparkle of a diamond is determined by how well it is cut and polished.

A high precision measuring device that rotates the stone 360 degrees is used so that facet angles, and hundreds of measurements can be captured.

A system designed by scientists was developed that enables a given diamond’s proportions, symmetry descriptions, girdle thickness and other specific measurements to be taken into account to help establish an accurate cut grade.

Carat  Carat or Carat Weight is a weight measurement of a given diamond.  One carat equals in weight one fifth of a gram, or 200 milligrams.

Each diamond is placed in a sealed chamber at the GIA laboratory on an extremely precise electronic scale, and weighed to the fifth decimal place.

An official GIA grading report is issued for each diamond which provides information about the diamond’s 4 C’s, and a great deal more about the diamond.

This GIA grading report is the most technologically advanced evaluation of a diamond possible. It provides a complete, permanent record of a diamonds’s quality, and a blueprint of a diamond’s attributes.

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Lab Grown Diamonds versus Real Diamonds

What is in diamonds
It may be difficult for the untrained eye to tell the difference between lab grown diamonds, and real diamonds.

Laboratory grown diamonds have burst onto the scene in the diamond world in the last few decades, with more of a presence now than ever. How do these lab diamonds compare with real diamonds? Are these diamonds that I should consider buying over real diamonds?

Lab diamonds are man made diamonds, and like real diamonds are made out of carbon.  These lab grown diamonds are also known as synthetic diamonds, artisan diamonds, or simulated diamonds.  Lab grown diamonds are manufactured two different ways.

HPHT Method – High Pressure High Temperature

CVD Method – Chemical Vapor Deposition

HPHT, and CVD are exactly the same chemical composition as a real or natural diamond, but man made.

Moissanite, which is a diamond simulant, is actually not a diamond at all.  It is made from silicon carbide, which is not as hard as a diamond.

Perhaps the biggest difference betwee the HPHT, CVD, and Moissanite lab grown diamonds, and natural diamonds is that they will not hold their value like a real or natural diamond.

The reason for this is that there is an endless supply of lab grown diamonds. Lab grown diamonds can be manufactured quickly, and easily, and in large quantities.

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Natural or real diamonds on the other hand are much more rare. Natural diamonds have to be located, and mined, which is a costly, time consuming, and difficult process.  This rarity, and scarcity factor will always buoy the value of real diamonds.

What is in Diamonds is Key

Diamonds are formed deep within the earth from extreme high temperature, and extreme high pressure carbon deposits. Diamonds are formed from a single element, carbon. Diamonds are brought to the earth’s surface from deep source volcanic eruptions.

What is in diamonds
Real or natural diamonds hold their value.

Diamonds are considered the hardest rock on earth. Diamonds are found, and mined from Kimberlite deposits. On average, 250 tons of ore is mined to produce one diamond.

The 4 C’s that determine a diamond’s quality, and value are Color, Clarity, Cut, and Carat.

Lab grown diamonds are man made diamonds, and like real diamonds are made out of carbon. These synthetic diamonds are made either using the HPHV method, or the CPV method.

Moissanite, a simulated diamond is made from silicon carbide, and is not technically a diamond.

The biggest difference between a lab grown diamond, and a real diamond is the scarcity, and rarity factor of real diamonds compared to the endless, ever ready supply of lab grown diamonds. This factor makes real diamonds more valuable, and will help sustain their superior value over the long term.

Feel free to leave your comments, or questions below. Please also feel free to like and share on your favorite social media. Thank you for reading, What is in Diamonds.

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What is in Drones

What is in drones
Drones have many different uses and applications.

What is in drones is a question that has many answers. There are many different types of drones that are used for many different purposes.

Within these different drones are many different components, and materials used to construct them.

I will describe to you what drones are, and what drones are made of. I will also tell you the various features, and uses that drones currently have.

The growth and popularity of drones over the last decade has been phenomenal, and this growth and popularity does not appear to be slowing down at all.

What are Drones?

Drones originated from the military, and the term drone refers to any unmanned aerial vehicle with a flight path that is pre programmed, and not controlled by a human, meaning not controlled by a human in the vehicle.  The word Drone means: to make a continuous low humming sound.

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Drones are also known as UAS’s or unmanned aerial systems, or UAV’s or unmanned aerial vehicle. Drones may also be known as quadrocopters or quadcopters if has 4 rotors or propellers, and an octocopter if has 8 rotors or propellers.

Drones are also known as RPAS or remote piloted aerial systems, as well as ‘Flying Robots’.  Drones are preprogrammed or remote controlled aerial objects or devices that have many applications, and uses. Drones are used commercially, recreationally, and militarily.

Drones use rotors or upward facing propellers to generate lift, direction, and speed. Recreational or hobbyist drones normally use 4 rotors. Commercial, and military drones utilize between 4 and 8 rotors per drone.

There are camera drones, video drones, live view drones, mini drones, and large drones.

What is in Drones?

What is in drones
Commercial drones are fast, durable, and very useful.

If you have ever wondered as I have, what is in drones? What are drones made of?  The commercial drones components are made of carbon fiber, which is highly durable, stiff, and strong.

An added benefit of using carbon fiber for drones is that it is also light, which in aviation is a vital consideration.  Carbon fiber is used to make the legs, and the top and bottom frames. The drones body is protected by a thick, molded plastic cover.

Commercial drones tend to be more flexible than recreational or hobbyist drones, so that they can adapt to a wide variety of uses.

Much of a typical commercial drone’s interior components consist of computer printer generated layered plastic.

These components are:

Arm receptacles, and arms, one per rotor, so if the drone has 4 rotors it will also have 4 arm receptacles, and 4 arms

An electronic speed controller, one for each rotor, so if the drone has 8 rotors, it also has 8 electronic speed controllers

 An autopilot which is the online computer that runs the drone

A power harness that connects the different speed controllers

The payload mount that supports and controls the camera position, and the hard drive

A servo motor which controls the payload mount, the camera, and the hard drive

Rotors or Propellers provide lift, direction, and speed of the drone

Recreational or hobbyist drones utilize less expensive, and less durable materials and components than commercial drones, as a general rule.  The price point for recreational drones is usually less also.

For instance, instead of carbon fiber, the hobbyist drones will normally feature more plastic within the body, and components.  These drones tend to be the smallest drones of the three main types of drones. Smaller than commercial drones, and much smaller than military drones.

The quadcopter drones are most frequently used as a recreational drone.

Military drones have been in existence for many years, and are the original inventors and designers of drones. Military drones are made of the finest sturdy, and expensive materials. These drones also feature the most advanced, state of the art components, and technology.

Military drones are made of lightweight, composite materials for optimum maneuverability, strength, durability, and speed.

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What are Drones used for?

What is in drones
Military drones can be large, and are made of expensive, sturdy materials and components.

As mentioned previously drones have many uses from fun recreational or hobbyist applications, to the productive, helpful commercial drones, to the serious, vital military drone applications.

Recreational or hobbyist drone uses: Like other remote control aircraft, these drones are a very popular hobby or pass time that is practiced for personal interest, and the simple enjoyment that it brings.  The recreational hobby drones have even spawned racing leagues, from amateur to professional.

Taking photos and videos for personal use is also a common hobbyist drone practice. Hunters may utilize drones to locate prey, although some may consider this to be an unfair advantage.

Commercial drone uses: The advent of drones has created many extremely productive, and beneficial commercial use applications.

For instance, these commercial drones are used by real estate agents and brokers to take photos and videos of their properties from vantage points that simply were not possible or feasible before.

Farmers use commercial drones in order to inspect the condition of their crops without having to drive long distances and physically look over their product, and fields by using the aerial photography, video, and live video features that these drones offer. This saves them time, work, and money.

Cartographers or professional map makers, and others that need to create maps often utilize drones to help them accomplish this end.

These drones are also helpful to those in marine related industries in order to access sea, wind, and temperature conditions that could affect their safety, and ability to do their job in an effective, acceptable manner.  It is also possible to locate and track the movement of marine life.

Along this same line, drones are used by game wardens, park rangers, and wildlife managers to monitor the condition, numbers, and movement of wildlife.

Commercial drones also provide important, potentially life saving information in search and rescue operations, for police for accident conditions, to help search for fugitives, and to access a potentially dangerous criminal situation.  Can be used to determine the severity, and movement of wild fires helping to save lives, and minimize damage.

Other commercial drone applications include wedding photography and videos, advertising and promotional videos, topographical video for road building, and for determining feasibility for anthropoligical sites.

They are also useful for inspecting large aircraft, and ships which is safer, faster, more thorough, and less expensive than conventional means. There are many other uses for drones from a commercial perspective.

Military drone uses:

Surveillance. Knowing the position, whereabouts, types of armament, and movement of the enemy is of utmost importance in a military/combat situation.

Military drones can also provide valuable intel for potential bombing missions such as locations and activity of bridges, factories, military installations, roads, etc.

In addition, military drones can be equipped with bombs, machine guns, missiles, and other weapons that be used to attack certain targets.

These unmanned drones, of course also provide safety, which may be their strongest attribute. Also, compared to other military aircraft, drones are quite economical.

One of the most promising areas of advancement in modern military aviation, is the military drone.

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Join the Drone Revolution

What is in drones
Drone popularity is stronger than ever, and continues to increase.

Drones are unmanned aerial vehicles that are controlled either by a program, or by remote control. Drones are also known as UAS’s Unmanned Aerial System, UAV Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, Flying Robots, quadcopters, and octocopters.

Drones are used for many different purposes, and are made from and with different materials and components. There is a wide selection of drones available to the public, and a wide range of prices.  The three types of drones are recreational, commercial, and military.

Recreational or hobbyist drones are the least expensive of the three drone types, and are used for personal interest and enjoyment.

Commercial drones are more expensive than recreational drones, use more expensive and durable materials and components, and are used for many commercial purposes due to their ability to take aerial photographs, videos, and live video, such as in real estate.

Military drones are the most expensive of the three drones, and use lightweight, and extremely durable materials and components in their construction. These drones are used for surveillance, and for combat operations.

Before you buy a drone, make sure you know what the aviation laws that affect drones are in your country. You also need to know what the regulations are to become a drone operator, if any.

There are some steep fines, and penalties involved for those who attempt to circumvent drone laws and regulations.

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